Kidney Diseases

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Department of
Kidney Diseases

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Your Kidneys help maintain normal salt and water balance in our body by removing the liquid waste from the blood. In an adult of normal weight (60-65kg), about 1200ml of blood flows through both the kidneys every minute (this is about 20-25% of heart output). Therefore, normal functioning of kidneys is critical for maintaining the body’s balance.

Symptoms of Kidney Disease:

  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Frequent and excessive urination (especially in the night time
  • Blood in the urine (Brown or coffee color)
  • Puffiness or oedema on face and body
  • Hypertension (High blood pressure)
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Anaemia
  • Skin itching
  • Lower back pain
  • Physical weakness
The above symptoms/signs are given to you as a warning and should be used as general guideline only. Contact your doctor if you notice any of the above for further advice on investigation and treatment. Kidney disease is detected only when you go for urine / blood checkup. A large number of patients with kidney disease are asymptomatic. Doctor’s advice is a must for any treatment.

Common Causes of Kidney Diseases:

  • Long standing diabetes
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Nephritic Syndrome
  • Collagen Vascular Disease / Autoimmune Disorders
  • Chronic infection of kidney (Pyelonephritis)
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Frequent stone formation in urinary tract
  • Enlarged prostate gland
  • Excessive use of medicines over the years (mainly pain killers)
  • Cancer of Kidney, Prostate & Bladder

Conditions Treated at BMMSH:

  • Nephritis
  • Nephritic Syndrome
  • Kidney diseases arising from diabetes, Hypertension, dysproteinemia
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Renal failure (acute/chronic)
  • Renal failure arising in ITU/ICCU
  • Obstructive Uropathy
  • Stone Disease
  • Patients requiring kidney transplantation
  • BPH
  • Stricture Urethra

Our Highlights at BMMSH:

  • Low flux dialysis
  • Single-use low and high flux dialysis
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Hemoperfusion
  • 4008 SC Dialysis machines
  • SLED in ITU / ICU with ArRT plus (Coming Soon)
  • Hemodialysis with Ultra-pure water
  • Non invasive monitors with each bed
  • Individual TV
  • Single Needle Haemodialysis
Peritoneal Dialysis:
  • CAPD Catheter insertion
  • CAPD Training
Kidney Transplantation
  • Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy
  • PCR-based HLA typing
  • Cross match (CDC), DSA Screen
  • Virtual cross match (Luminex)
  • Donor-specific antibody (Luminex)-Single, Antigen, Cross match
  • Monitoring of BK virus
  • Adenovirus in transplant
Kidney Biopsy with IF Staining, C4d Staining
  • Biopsy report expected within 96 hours
  • Immunological panel (ANA, ANCA, anti-GBM, C3, etc)


Treatment (medical and surgical) of conditions related to the bladder, kidneys, ureters and urethra, is the main focus area of the Urology Department. The treatment includes dealing with problems of the urinary tract of men and women, genital tract and sex organs in males. Some typical symptoms of urological problems may include:
  • Pain in the side from the kidney area or in the lower abdomen (tummy), arising from the bladder
  • Problem passing urine or burning sensation while passing urine
Conditions treated include:
  • Urinary Infections
  • Stones in the bladder or kidney
  • Congenital problems of the urinary tract
  • Cancers of the urinary tract etc.
Urologists often have to work as a team with Nephrologists to deal with complicated Kidney Diseases.

Services and Facilities available at Medica:

  • Urology Andrology – male sexual problems or infertility (unable to have a baby)
  • EndoUrology – A Procedure used to diagnose and treat patients with the help of advanced instruments like a cystoscope or laparoscope;
  • Lithotripsy – breaking up stones with the shock wave
  • Urodynamics – tests how the bladder works
  • Female Urology – problems of the urinary tract in ladies
  • Paediatric & Reconstructive Urology – children having problems with the bladder & kidneys and the urinary or genital tract . These may be from birth or from injury or disease.
  • Uro-Oncology – cancer of the kidneys, bladder, prostate, testis, penis & adrenals

Urological Operations

  • BPH Management
    State-of-the-art facility to manage this common disease affecting elderly population. Ultramodern laser treatment for prostate along with conventional microsurgery like TURP, Saline TURP (Plasma Kinetic Resection)
  • Stone Management: Modern facility to manage Urinary Stone Disease
  • PCNL: Per-cutaneous Nephrolithotomy is a minimally-invasive method whereby kidney stones are removed by establishing a keyhole tract to the stone from the kidney
  • Uretero-renoscopy: Endoscopic technique to break and remove ureteric stones by application of energy sources like pneumatic lithotripsy and laser lithotripsy
  • Uro-oncology Services – Coming Soon
  • Facility for treatment of urological cancers with facility for following surgeries: a)TURBT b) Radical Cystectomy c)Continent Orthotopic Diversion d) Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy e) Radical Prostatectomy f) Radical Nephrectomy g) Nephro Ureterectomy h) Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy
  • Reconstructive Urology
  • Facility for advanced reconstructive urology involving urological diseases like Stricture Urethra, Hypospadius, Epispadius, Genito-Urinary Fistula
  • Uro-dynamic and Neuro-urology – Coming Soon
  • Female Urology
  • Vascular Access Surgery for Haemodialysis
  • Paediatric Urology – Coming Soon
  • Andrology and Male Infertility – Coming Soon

Imaging Studies

  • CT, CT Urography, IVP


  • Nephrology, Urology, Transplantation follow-up

We provide 24/7 patient support.

Please feel free to contact us at 0651 6606060 for emergency case.

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