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Cardiac Sciences

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Department of
Cardiac Sciences

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The heart is an organ around the size of a fist, located just behind and slightly left of the breastbone. The heart is part of our body’s circulatory system and is made up of the atria, ventricles and valves. Its main function is to pump blood that is full of oxygen circulating throughout your body. Thus, your heart is crucial to your survival, so it is important to keep it healthy with a well-balanced diet and exercise, and avoid things that can damage it, like smoking.

At Medica’s Institute of Cardiac Sciences, we are ready to treat all types of cardiac emergencies. It is in fact, the first center in Jharkhand to have a high rate of success rate in patient recovery which is more than 99%. Our Coronary
Care Units (CCUs) are managed and monitored 24X7 by Superspecialist Consultant Cardiologists and
Intensivists, and are supported by life-support trained and duty doctors, paramedical and nursing teams.

Some common heart diseases are:

Coronary Heart Disease – It is caused by the accumulation of plaque within the walls of the arteries that supply the myocardium. Angina pectoris/chest pain is a symptom of coronary heart disease. Rheumatic Heart Disease – It is a complication of rheumatic fever, which is more common in people in the age group of 5-15. The symptoms develop over a period of time and can progress to serious heart damage that can kill or cripple adolescents and young adults Heart Muscle Disease –referred to as Cardio Myopathy, it is caused when damaged heart muscles cause enlargement of heart. The heart’s ability to pump blood decreases causing backflow into the lungs and other parts of the body. Cardio Myopathy may be of three types:
  • Hypertrophic Cardio Myopathy
  • Dilated Cardio Myopathy
  • Restrictive Cardio Myopathy
Hypertensive Heart Disease – Prolonged high blood pressure can affect the heart muscles and blood vessels leading to Coronary Heart Disease or Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH) (heart enlargement) and failure in the long run or blockage of the coronary blood vessels resulting in a heart attack. Pericardial Diseases – Caused by inflammation in the pericardium (tissues that surround the heart), due to infections, heart attack/surgery, trauma, or autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms may include sharp pain in the chest, low grade fever and increased heart rate. Some common pericardial diseases are:
  • Pericardial Effusion
  • Constructive Pericarditis
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